The Crossover Youth Practice Model (CYPM) provides examples of systemic changes youth serving systems can make to improve their ability to serve youth.


In 2010, the Center for Juvenile Justice Reform (CJJR) developed the CYPMto address the unique needs of youth that are at risk of or are fluctuating between the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. These youth are commonly referred to as “crossover youth.”

The CYPM has four overarching goals for reduction in:

  1. Youth crossing over and becoming dually-involved;
  2. Youth placed in out-of-home care;
  3. Use of congregate care (highly structured 24-hour supervised placement); and
  4. Disproportionate representation of youth of color, particularly in the crossover population

Training and Technical assistance includes:

  • A Gap Analysis of the jurisdiction’s current ability to support crossover youth
  • Training on the CYPM, including a review of the academic research and independent data showing the effectiveness of the model
  • The development of a work plan to structure the technical assistance activities
  • Support in the creation of new policies and procedures,(i.e. crossover protocol manual) related to the implementation of the model
  • An evaluation package to measure the effectiveness of the model in the jurisdiction
  • Peer-to-peer learning opportunities with other sites in the CYPM network

Since launching the CYPM in 2010, the model has grown substantially; participating jurisdictions include 103 counties in 21 states across the country. The CJJR works closely with jurisdictions to collect, analyze, and provide data that demonstrates the  impact of CYPM. Those results are provided directly to the jurisdiction and are not for public distribution. However, CJJR has developed an aggregate data report and CYPM-in-Brief Series to highlight the work of jurisdictions participating in the model. Additionally, several independent institutions, including the University of Minnesota and the University of Nebraska, Omaha, have conducted evaluations on the CYPM.

Sources: Center for Juvenile Justice Reform

               More information: jjreform@georgetown.edu  Ph: 202-687-4942